Year 2021, Volume 67 Issue 2 (30.06.2021)

Year : 2021
Volume : 67
Issue : 2 (30.06.2021)
Authors : Mahin KALEHHOUEI, Zeinab HAZBAVI, Velibor SPALEVIC, Ronaldo Luiz MINCATO, Paul SESTRAS
Abstract : Smart management (SM) in different aspects of our planet earth is an emergence tool for today's world. Since the watershed is a basic unit for all agricultural, environmental, and socioeconomic researches and developments, so SM practicing at the watershed scale is critical. In this sense, SM in a watershed scale could be introduced as connectedness of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) into watershed management practices to provide added value in the better decision making or more efficient exploitation operations and management. In this way, different ICT solutions such as precision equipment, the Internet of Things (IoT), sensors, geo-positioning systems, Big Data, unmanned aerial vehicles, and robotics need to be adapted by watershed stakeholders viz. the residents, farmers, experts, land planners, and managers, as well as the decision- and policy-makers. The smart watershed management (SWM) is associated with almost every luxury in our life and included all principles and concepts of smart water management, smart farming, smart city development, etc. It is essential to choose appropriate smart technologies that could be possible by comparing regular and novel technologies, balancing customary with green infrastructures, combining regional and universal knowledge, customizing options from abroad to regional situations, allocating with ecological and societal impressions of the substitute technologies. Altogether these decisions have need of technology appraisal and assessment tools and sound watershed governance to ensure pellucidity and comprehensiveness. It is challenging to ensure the proper utilization of watershed resources. However, proper implementation of smart technologies in the watershed will surely make our lives convenient and conserve our valuable resources. SWM can provide significant environmental and economic benefits.
For citation : Kalehhouei, M., Hazbavi, Z., Spalevic, V., Mincato, R.L., Sestras, P. (2021): What is Smart Watershed Management? Agriculture and Forestry, 67 (2): 195-209
Keywords : Intelligence techniques; Market dynamic; Precise adjustments; SMART data.
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