Year 2020, Volume 66 Issue 4 (15.12.2020)

Year : 2020
Volume : 66
Issue : 4 (15.12.2020)
Authors : Anissa GARA, Dorra AJABI
Abstract : Sustainable agriculture is an application of the concept of sustainable development to the agricultural sector and more specifically at the farm level. It takes into account the three dimensions - economic, social and environmental - in a global framework. It is in this context that this study aims to assess the effect of the integration of livestock into the production system on the sustainability of farms in the Mornag region, located in the northeast of Tunisia. Two groups of farms were derived: with livestock and without livestock. The Farm Sustainability Indicators (IDEA) method was used to meet this research objective. From the analyses of the previous results and the comparisons between the means of the indicators of each component according to the mode of production, we were able to deduce that this factor considerably influences agricultural sustainability on both agro-ecological and socio-territorial scales. Indeed, the group of farms that include livestock have better averages in most indicators. These results could be explained by the fact that the association of crops with livestock within a production unit is considered an asset in the sustainability of an operation since it allows positive interactions and synergies between the different elements of the system. Indeed, in the mixed crop-livestock system, the diversification of production, crop rotation and the use of animal manures contribute to improving soil fertility. In addition, animal husbandry makes it possible to diversify income and distributes it over time and, therefore, ensures a certain stability in the economy. Some farmers even have a daily income from animal products such as eggs and chickens; others take advantage of some products for family consumption
For citation : Gara, A., Ajabi, D. (2020): Effect of animal husbandry on environmental proficiency. Agriculture and Forestry, 66 (4): 7-18
Keywords : Sustainability, Farms, Livestock, Tunisia
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