Year 2019, Volume 65, Issue 4

Year : 2019
Volume : 65
Issue : 4
   
Authors : Fidèle MULUMEODERHWA, Aristide MANIRIHO, Dimas MANIRAKIZA, Germaine FURAHA, Jean Luc MASTAKI, Philippe LEBAILLY
Title : RISK ANALYSIS IN THE PEASANT FRAMEWORK: EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF FARMERS IN SOUTH KIVU, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Abstract : This study attempted to highlight the risks threatening the peasant farmers and affecting the development of their activities in the locality of Mbinga Sud in Kalehe Territory and the localities of Bugorhe and Irhambi in Kabare Territory in South Kivu, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Data were collected using a questionnaire from a sample of 150 peasant farmers randomly selected and fairly distributed in the three locations of the study area. Descriptive statistics were used in data analysis. The results showed that financial risks were not among the significant threats to farm development in the short term. Nevertheless, farm operations were more exposed to risks in Mbinga Sud Locality than in Irhambi and Bugorhe Localities with respect to financial autonomy, access to short-term liquidity and availability of investment funds. The results also revealed that natural hazards (including flooding and erosion) were not currently among the threats of farming activities. For the whole study area, the respondents confirmed that the risks of flooding and erosion are weak, at the rates of 73.3% and 78% respectively. On the other hand, low prices of agricultural commodities, climatic disturbances, crop diseases, crop theft and raptors were the major long-term farm threats in the study area as confirmed by 60.0%, 47.3%, 40.7%, 23.3% and 45.3% of the respondents, respectively. From these findings, we recommend that the strategies for sustainable environment management should be initiated; the proximity of extension services to farmers should be enhanced; and security should be permanently kept and guaranteed.
For citation : Mulumeoderhwa, F., Maniriho, A., Manirakiza, D., Furaha, G., Mastaki, J. L., Lebailly, P. (2019): Risk analysis in the peasant framework: empirical analysis of farmers in South Kivu, democratic Republic of Congo. Agriculture and Forestry, 65 (4): 35-45. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.65.4.04
Keywords : Risks, peasant framework, farm activities, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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