Year 2019, Volume 65 Issue 1 (31.03.2019)

Year : 2019
Volume : 65
Issue : 1 (31.03.2019)
Authors : Zeina EL SEBAALY, Falah ASSADI, Youssef Najib SASSINE, Nidal SHABAN
Abstract : Button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) has been recognized as a fair substitute for meat and is the most intensively cultivated mushroom worldwide. The nutritional value of the mushroom is one of the main factors determining its quality. The current study investigated the variation in nutritional composition of button mushroom as affected by substrate type. Three locally composted wastes were used; chic: deep litter chicken manure, ban: banana wastes (leaves and pseudo-stems) and win: winery wastes (grape marc). Each type of compost was mixed separately with horse manure compost (hors) in different ratios (30%, 50%, 70% and 100%) on volume basis. Control substrate consisted of 100% horse manure compost. Results showed that in the mixture hors-win: 30-70 water, fat, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Na and Ca contents were reduced, while ash and K contents were increased. There was a peak of water (90%), proteins (5.2%), Fe (21.9mg/kg), Cu (18.6mg/kg), Zn (10.2mg/kg), Na (74.5mg/kg), K (2mg/kg) and Ca (65.8mg/kg) contents in mushrooms picked from hors-chic: 0-100. Moreover, growing the mushroom on composted banana wastes (hors-ban: 0-100) produced fruits with the lowest protein (2.9%), fat (0.01%), Mg (147.5mg/kg), Na (64.8mg/kg), K (1.4mg/kg) and Ca (55.8mg/kg) contents and the highest ash content (2%). It seemed that the total use of chicken manure compost allowed the production of mushrooms with the closest nutritional composition to those of the traditional compost.
For citation : Sebaaly, Z., Assadi, F., Sassine, Y. N., Shaban, N. (2019): Substrate types effect on nutritional composition of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Agriculture and Forestry, 65 (1): 73-80. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.65.1.08
Keywords : Button mushroom, nutritional value, substrate
download paper



Author (s) :
Title :
Keywords :