Year 2018, Volume 64, Issue 1

Year : 2018
Volume : 64
Issue : 1
   
Authors : Oksana YEREMENKO, Svitlana KALENSKY, Valentina KALYTKA
Title : SAFFLOWER PRODUCTIVITY DEPENDING ON SEED TREATMENT BY AKM PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR AND LEVEL OF MINERAL NUTRITION
Abstract : Extremely uneven distribution of moisture during the growing season dramatically increases not only the risk of safflower seeds yield reduction, but its quality as well. One of the main reserves of solving this problem is the dose of fertilizers, particularly nitrogen, and use of plant growth regulators (PGRs) in the critical phases of plant development. It is the optimum combination of these factors that is a significant reserve for increasing yield stability and quality of safflower seeds. The aim of the research was to identify the impact of AKM PGR on productivity of safflower plants at different levels of mineral fertilization. The results of the study on the impact of the AKM plant growth regulator on growth, development and yield formation of safflower in low moisture conditions of Southern Steppe of Ukraine are presented. Optimal concentration of AKM PGR (0.0015 g/l) was determined. Seeds, processed by AKM PGR, had laboratory germination 5.7 % higher than in the control. In 2016, the safflower plant height for all variants was higher than this figure in the other years of the study. This is because HTC in 2016 for the period BBCH 00-39 was higher than in 2015 by 1.4 times. Therefore 1 anthodium formed on average 13.2 to 21.6 seeds. AKM PGR increased, compared to control, both weight of seeds in 1 anthodium, and the number of anthodia during the study years, thanks to anti-stress properties of AKM. This preparation significantly affected yield only in unfavourable years, and the impact of fertilizers was insignificant. The AKM plant growth regulator is recommended for the use on safflower in 0.0015 g/l concentration.
For citation : Yeremenko, O., Kalensky, S., Kalytka, V. (2018): Safflower productivity depending on seed treatment by AKM plant growth regulator and level of mineral nutrition. Agriculture and Forestry, 64 (1): 65-72. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.64.1.08
Keywords : Safflower, Productivity, Plant growth regulator, Growth and development of the plants, Stress resistance.
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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