Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 3

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 3
   
Authors : Gordana SEBEK
Title : POSSIBILITY OF PRODUCING ONE-YEAR OLD SEEDLINGS OF THE AUTOCHTHONOUS BRANDY VARIETIES GRAFTING ON THE GENERATIVE ROOTSTOCK IN THE REGION OF NORTH MONTENEGRO
Abstract : Plum is the major fruit species in the area of North Montenegro. A study conducted over a period of 4 years in North Montenegro region included in situ identification of autochthonous plum cultivars. Observation and recording of their phenological and pomological traits were performed using IBPGR and UPOV methodologies. Flowering started between 26th March and 12th April and fruit ripening between 13th July (Petrovača) and 18th September (Trnovača). Fruit weight ranged from 6.65 ± 0.235 g to 53.88 ± 0.654 g and stone weight from 0.16 ± 0.003 g to 2.20 ±0,711 g. The cultivars were classified as being extremely small in terms of fruit size, except for cv. Crvena durgulja (bigger fruit size). Rounded fruit shape and light green ground color were dominant. Skin color ranged from amber to black. Yellow green was a dominant flesh color and medium flesh firmness predominated. The fruits of the above cultivars could be processed, particularly into plum brandy, or they could be used fresh or dried. The selected plum cultivars can be used both in breeding programs and as cultivars for organic plum orchards. This study was made to assess the performance of autochthonous plum cultivars (in situ) and seedling. Producing process consisted of 2 stages: a) initial selection from the population and pomological characterization, b) morphological and quantitative characteristics of one-year old seedlings for autochthonous brandy varieties of plum on Myrobalan seedling (Prunus cerasifera Erhr.).
For citation : Sebek, G. (2016): Possibility of producing one-year old seedlings of the autochthonous brandy varieties grafting on the generative rootstock in the region of North Montenegro. Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (3): 261-275. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.62.3.21
Keywords : Plum, genetic bases, germplasm, Prunus domestica L., Prunus insititia L.
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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