Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 3

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 3
   
Authors : Milan GAZDIC, Srdjan PEJOVIC, Jelica GAZDIC, Marko PEROVIC, Danka CAKOVIC
Title : FLORISTIC COMPOSITION AND ECOLOGYCAL ANALYSIS OF THE MIXED FORESTS (BEECH, FIR, SPRUCE) IN THE MANAGEMENT UNIT „BJELASICA“(BJELASICA Mt, MONTENEGRO)
Abstract : Paper dealing with characteristics of the fir and beech association (Abieti-Fagetum moesiacae B. Jov. 1976.) and beech, fir and spruce association (Piceo-Fago-Abietetum Čol. 1965) on the territory of the management unit „Bjelasica“ (Mt Bjelasica, Montenegro). A total of 45 phytocoenological relevés were analysed, 34 for association Abieti-Fagetum moesiacae B. Jov. 1976. and 11 for association Piceo-Abieti-Fagetum Čol. 1965. In the beech and fir association significantly more plant species (60) were found compared to the association of beech, fir and spruce (30). Spectrums of life forms and areal types were made for these associations. In the fir and beech association, in spectrum of life forms phanerophytes are dominant (37.28%), followed with hemicryptophytes (35.59%) and geophytes (23.73%). In the second association hemicryptophytes are dominant with 40%, while phanerophytes constitute 36.67%, and geophytes 20%. Within the spectrum of Abieti-Fagetum moesiacae areal types the most common is Euro-Asian areal type (33.33%), followed by Holarctic (18.33%) and central-European (16.66%). Within the spectrum of Piceo-Fago-Abietetum Čol.1965 areal types the most frequent are central-European and Holarctic with 21.87% both, but large percent is constituted of Euro-Asian areal type (18.75%).
For citation : Gazdic,M., Pejovic, S., Gazdic, J., Perovic, M., Cakovic, D. (2016): Floristic composition and ecologycal analysis of the mixed forests (beech, fir, spruce) in the management unit “Bjelasica” (Bjelasica Mt, Montenegro). Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (3): 207-221. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.62.3.18
Keywords : forest plant community, mixed forests, Bjelasica, Montenegro
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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