Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 3

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 3
   
Authors : Abdulrasak Kannike MUSA and Mujidat Temidayo LAWAL
Title : INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY OF CITRUS SINENSIS (L.) AND PARKIA BIGLOBOSA (JACQ.) EXTRACTS AGAINST TROGODERMA GRANARIUM EVERTS
Abstract : In this study, ethanolic extracts of Citrus sinensis (L.) (leaves/peels) and Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) (leaves/seeds) were screened for insecticidal activity against 4th larval instar and adults of khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera:Dermestidae). Also examined were percentage seed damage, seed weight loss and viability of the seeds. Decorticated seeds of groundnut were treated with different concentrations (1, 3 and 5%) of the extracts against the adults while 5% concentration was tested against the larvae. The bioassay showed that the extracts had larvicidal and adulticidal activities which increased with increase in concentration and exposure time. The seed damage data were used to estimate the Beetle Perforation Index (BPI) indicating that P. biglobosa seed extract was the most effective with a BPI of 20.14%. The results of this study showed that C. sinensis and P. biglobosa extracts possess some insecticidal activity which may be associated with the presence of secondary metabolites (saponins, alkaloids, steroids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids and phenols in them, This report shows that P. biglobosa seed extract could be recommended as a source of insecticidal agent in a pest management technique.
For citation : Musa, K., A., Lawal, T., M. (2016): Insecticidal activity of Citrus Sinensis (l.) And Parkia Biglobosa (Jacq.) Extracts against Trogoderma Granarium Everts. Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (3): 197-206. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.62.3.17
Keywords : Trogoderma granarium, plant extracts, insecticidal activity, biopesticides.
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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