Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 3

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 3
   
Authors : Aleksandra Despotovic
Title : INFLUENCE OF EDUCATION ON DEPOPULATION OF VILLAGE
Abstract : Population is a significant factor in rural development, because it recruits its workforce from the existing population, but also because of the fact that the population is a holder of needs which are the factor of consumption or production. Demographic situation in Montenegro has been constantly deteriorating. Economic and social consequences of the demographic aging of the population are numerous: reduction of the share of economically active population, decelerating of technological progress, etc. From the aspect of rural development, negative consequences of demographic (depopulation and deagrarisation) are reduction of agricultural population. It is one of the most important changes in the socio-economic structure of the population. This led to disorder of age and gender structure of the agricultural population, in terms of increased share of elderly („senilisation”) and increased participation of women („feminization”). Educational structure of the population is of special importance for rural development. However, if it is considered the education level of the agricultural population, it can be concluded that it is very unfavourable. One of the reasons is the process of deagrarisation, which led to a massive abandonment of agriculture and rural areas by working population. From a sociological point of view, a transfer of farmers into non-agricultural activities is not only a consequence of industrialization, but also a number of other factors. One of them is enhanced communication with other worlds (spread of literacy, radio, television, etc.), which increased a social mobility of once poor farmers even more movable (Maksimović, 2011). This paper analyzes the sociological factors that led to the depopulation and deagrarisation. Indicators of the educational structure (level of literacy and educational attainment) in fifty year period (1961-2011) have been analyzed. Conducted analysis shows that the process depopulation was not caused only by economic, but also by a range of non-economic factors. T he most creative people were leaving rural areas what had a very adverse impact on agricultural production. Population and identification and management of natural resources is of great importance for future development of rural communities
For citation : Despotovic, A. (2016): Influence of education on depopulation of village. Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (3): 151-163. DOI:10.17707/AgricultForest.62.3.13
Keywords : education, population, depopulation, agriculture
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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