Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 1

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 1
   
Authors : Aleksandra DESPOTOVIĆ, Miljan JOKSIMOVIĆ and Miomir JOVANOVIĆ
Title : REGIONAL DEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN MONTENEGRO
Abstract : The level of development of particular regions is a result of geographical position, which has a great influence on vicinity or isolation in relation to the economic centres. Balanced regional development is one of the most important topics in recent years. Role of the state in the processes of the regional development is being more emphasized, as well as the need for establishing a legal framework and institutions that will deal with regional development in the future. Three regions are classified due to the Regional Development Strategy of Montenegro: Northern, Central and Southern region. The basic characteristic of regional development of Montenegro is its disproportion. Undeveloped areas of Montenegro are characterized by unfavourable demographic and economic situation. It is expressed in depopulation of the Northern region and high concentration of population and economy in the Central and Southern region. Concentration of population is particularly evident in the municipality of Podgorica. Such trends have negative consequences in the economic, spatial and social areas. Rural areas of Montenegro remains empty, while rural areas in Europe are becoming increasingly important alternative for living and working in relation to the of cities. The paper analyzes the processes of depopulation of certain regions in Montenegro and their impact on the development of agriculture. In the observed inter-census period (1960-2010), a digressive trend of population in the northern region was evident, which resulted in a lagging of the development of not only agricultural, but also other activities. Factors causing uneven regional development are: migratory movements, peripheral situation of rural areas in the Northern region, deagrarisation, lack of quality infrastructure and similar. A comparative analysis of demographic changes, migration and regional mobility, as well as agricultural development and changes in the agrarian structure are applied within this paper. Carried out analysis indicates that strategically important areas became depopulated in the observed period, remaining natural resources unexploited. At the same time, in developed centres there was an excessive concentration of population and economy, which led to negative consequences in the economic, social and spatial sphere. With the aim of improve regional image of Montenegro in the future, it is necessary to work on the revitalization of the Northern region, in order to prevent its further depopulation.
For citation : Despotović, A., Joksimović, M. and Jovanović, M. (2016): Regional demographic problems and their impact on the development of agriculture in Montenegro. Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (1): 391-402. DOI: 10.17707/AgricultForest.62.1.41
Keywords : regional problems, depopulation, deagrarisation, agriculture
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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