Year 2016, Volume 62, Issue 1

Year : 2016
Volume : 62
Issue : 1
   
Authors : Svetlana ŠLIKOVÁ, Soňa GAVURNÍKOVÁ, Roman HAŠANA, Martina MINÁRIKOVÁ, Edita GREGOVÁ
Title : DEOXYNIVALENOL IN GRAINS OF OATS AND WHEAT PRODUCED IN SLOVAKIA
Abstract : The mycotoxin survey focused on natural occurrence of Deoxynivalenol (DON) in mature grains of oats and wheat produced by Slovak fields in 2013. DON is one of the most predominant mycotoxins occurring in grains of cereals produced by Fusarium fungi after the attack of plants. A total of 10 oat samples from 9 locations and 178 wheat samples from 89 locations were collected in 2013. The samples were collected directly from growers. A commercial ELISA kit was used to determine the DON concentration in wheat samples with the limit of detection < 0.2 mg.kg-1 (ppm) and limit of quantification 0.2 mg.kg-1 (ppm). Mycotoxin was found in 30.0% (max. 0.49 mg.kg-1) of oat and 82.0 % (max. 5.10 mg.kg-1) of wheat samples. The natural mean DON contamination of oat samples was lower than in wheat samples. Only wheat samples had higher DON content than defined by the regulations of the European Union (EU) for this mycotoxin. Results indicated that the location had a significant effect on the DON content (p<0.000) in wheat grains what was connected with climatic conditions.
For citation : Šliková, S., Gavurníková, S., Hašana, R., Mináriková, Gregová, E. (2016): Deoxynivalenol in grains of oats and wheat produced in Slovakia. Agriculture and Forestry, 62 (1): 343-348. DOI: 10.17707/AgricultForest.62.1.36
Keywords : mycotoxin, Avena sativa L., Triticum aestivum L., locations
   
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ISSN 0554-5579 (Printed)
ISSN 1800-9492 (Online)
DOI : 10.17707/AgricultForest

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